吕后去世后,刘恒为何能继位为帝?

《史记》:孝文皇帝,高祖中子也。高祖十一年春,已破陈军,定代地,立为代王,都中都。太后薄氏子。即位十七年,高后八年七月,高后崩九月,诸吕吕产等欲为乱,以危刘氏,大臣共诛之,谋召立代王,事在吕后语中丞相平等皆曰:“臣伏计之,大王奉高帝宗庙最宜称,虽天下诸侯万民以为宜臣等为宗庙社稷计,不敢忽原大王幸听臣等臣谨奉天子玺符再拜上“代王曰:“。宗室将相王列侯以为莫宜寡人,寡人不敢辞“。遂即天子位。

公元前180年,吕后去世,太尉周勃,丞相陈平等大臣把诸吕一网打尽,迎立代王刘恒入京为帝,是为汉文帝。那么吕后去世后,代王刘恒为何能继位为帝呢?

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《史记》:高帝八男:长庶齐悼惠王肥;次孝惠,吕后子;次戚夫人子赵隐王如意;次代王恒,已立为孝文帝,薄太后子;次梁王恢,吕太后时徙为赵共王;次淮阳王友,吕太后时徙为赵幽王;次淮南厉王长;次燕王建

吕后去世之时,齐王刘肥,惠帝,赵王刘如意已经去世,刘恒是高祖在世的最大的儿子,出身没问题,刘恒母亲薄姬势弱,不用担心产生第二个吕后,最后代王刘恒本人仁厚低调,产生变故的概率最小。

吕后死后,诸吕虽然伏营,但在位的后少帝是吕后扶植,因此功臣派们认为日后后少帝不一定能重用他们,甚至有可能对他们产生不利,政治斗争不能心存侥幸,这是废黜后少帝的根本原因,后少帝冒充惠帝嫡子,这给了废黜以正当性和可行性,以周勃陈平灌婴张苍为首的功臣准备废黜少帝,废旧立新有了必然性,代王刘恒有了机会。

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6363d04a788d45bc926ea9b13b8f848c《史记》: Ministers and conspirators said: "The Shao Emperor and Liang, Huaiyang, Changshan Wang, are not true filial piety. Lu later counted others, killing his mother, raising the harem, making Xiao Huizi After the thought, and the kings, to the strong Lv. This has been annihilated by Zhu Lu, and the establishment of the establishment, that is, long-term use, I am not class. It is better to regard the king of the sages stand.

After Lu’s death, the heroes and the royalists joined forces to destroy the Lu’s family and control the political affairs. On the one hand, Lv Hou’s ten-year powers have caused them to be suppressed and squeezed. On the other hand, they have also seen the power of the ruling. None of them have the ability and strength to swallow this mountain, but they don't want to lose the power to get it. They are even more afraid of retaliation and liquidation in the future. For various reasons, they need a suitable agent to stand in the foreground - a Liu surname, no The prince of Lu family background.

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The essence of weak motherhood, filial piety and weakness is to facilitate the control of Chen Han and Zhou Bo and other Western Han ministers. When Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty was in power, he was rewarded with Zhou Bo as the first. It can be seen from this that Zhou Bo’s credit is not to kill Zhu Lu, but more importantly, to support it.

In the eyes of everyone, Liu Heng seems to be a very suitable candidate: the son of Gaozu, who has nothing to do with Lu, the most important point is "weakness." Liu Heng’s weakness is manifested in two aspects: the remote land and unfavorable status determine his weakness in strength, and he is willing to stay in the country instead of moving to the prosperous Zhaodi to show his character weakness. So after some elimination, Liu Heng emerged from the water and became the final candidate of the new emperor.

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xx总而言之: 汉文帝能够即位,最大的因素是他有周勃等功臣的支持,诛杀诸吕后的陈平、周勃等大臣在拥立新君时,自然不想立一个有强大外家势力的刘氏,来取代和压制自己辛苦得到的利益。母家弱和为人孝顺的刘恒,就是他们认为的最合适人心,汉文帝的继位即是偶然也是必然。如果你喜欢这篇文章,请关注作者,本文不尽之处请指正。

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